Recommended vaccinations by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for all travellers to Myanmar:
Recommended vaccinations by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for some travellers to Myanmar:
Other diseases to consider while travelling to Myanmar:
An up-and-coming travel destination in South East Asia, Myanmar not only has a well of rich tradition to woe its visitors with, it captures the essence of a time that has long since been ushered out by urbanisation and modern technology. Suffering the same fate as an unpolished diamond, longstanding civil strife and ethnic infighting in the country have made it easy to forget that it is home to a myriad of treasures, both cultural and natural. From the picturesque old city of Bagan, which has earned the honour of being marked as a UNESCO World Heritage site, to the regal extinct volcano, Mount Popa, there is an endless supply of wonders in Myanmar that will offer visitors a experience like no other.
Whether you want to coast leisurely down the famous Irrawaddy river and enjoy the peace and quiet of exploring a land almost untouched by modern tourism or you want to step foot in the big cities to get back internet access and retreat to your comfort zone, there is something for everyone in this country. Trishaws and bullock carts are aplenty in most parts of Myanmar and you can enjoy a ride in one of these while sipping on tea. The highlight of your experience in the country however, will undoubtedly be brushing shoulders with the friendly and gentle Burmese people, who are as curious about tourists as we are about them. Despite the language barrier, you will be humbled by their gentle spirits and iron grit to make what they can of themselves in a country that is struggling to emerge from the ashes.
The quality of healthcare services in Myanmar is variable and private healthcare is often not available outside of the Yangon and Mandalay. As such, prevention and good hygiene is key.
Cash payment is often required prior to receiving medical treatment in Myanmar. Make sure you have adequate travel health insurance and accessible funds to cover the cost of any medical treatment abroad and/or repatriation.
Air pollution can occur in major urban areas. This may aggravate bronchial, sinus or asthma conditions. Children, the elderly and those with pre-existing medical conditions may be especially affected.
Cases of cholera have been reported in some areas of Myanmar. Poor sanitation and eating contaminated food can increase the risk of diarrheal illnesses. Drink or use only boiled or bottled water and avoid ice in drinks. Get vaccinated against cholera before you head to Myanmar as a precautionary measure.
Dengue, Zika and Japanese Encephalitis
Dengue fever is endemic in some regions of Myanmar, including Yangon and Mandalay. There is also a risk of Zika virus and Japanese Encephalitis in the country. Since all three of the above are mosquito-borne diseases, necessary precautions should be taken by travellers to avoid mosquito bites. Pregnant women should avoid travel best as they can, as the Zika virus can cause birth defects.
There have been outbreaks of avian influenza (bird flu) in domestic poultry in Myanmar. While the risk to humans from avian influenza is believed to be very low, you should avoid any contact with domestic, caged or wild birds, and ensure poultry and egg dishes are thoroughly cooked.
Cases of schistosomiasis, a parasitic infection, have been reported in Myanmar. There is no vaccine or medication to prevent schistosomiasis. You should avoid wading, swimming or bathing in freshwater. As the infection may cause no symptoms, all travellers who may have been exposed to schistosomiasis should have a medical assessment.
Rabies has been reported in domestic and wild animals, and there have been a number of fatalities. If you are bitten or scratched by a dog, monkey or other animal, you should seek medical treatment as soon as possible.
Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.